Gregg Sanford


University of Wisconsin, Madison
3113 Wisconsin Energy Institute
1552 University Avenue
Madison, WI 53726


  • Ph.D. 2012 University of Wisconsin, Madison – Agronomy/Soil Science Dissertation: Agroecosystem land management and its effect on soil organic carbon stocks and dynamics in the Mollisols of southern Wisconsin
  • M.S. 2007 University of Wisconsin, Madison – Agronomy Thesis: Dairy slurry in corn based systems: impacts on soil compaction and profitability
  • B.A. 2002 New College of Florida – Biology/Field Botany Thesis: The Flora of Bailey’s Cay, Roatan Honduras


Sanford, G.R., L.G. Oates, P. Jasrotia, K.D. Thelen, R.D. Jackson and G.P. Robertson. 2016. Comparative productivity of alternative cellulosic bioenergy cropping systems in the North Central U.S.A. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 216:344-355.

Serate, J., D. Xie, E. Pholmann, C. Donald Jr., M. Shabani, L. Hinchman, A. Higbee, M. Mcgee, A. La Reau, G. Klinger, S. Li, C.L. Myers, C.M. Boone, D. Bates, D. Cavalier, D. Eilert, L.G. Oates, G.R. Sanford, T. Sato, B. Dale, R. Landick, J. Piotrowski, R.G. Ong and Y. Zhang. 2015. Controlling microbial contamination during hydrolysis of AFEX-pretreated corn stover and switchgrass: effects on hydrolysate composition, microbial response and fermentation. Biotechnology for Biofuels. 8:180.

Hedtcke, J.L, G.R. Sanford, K.E. Hadley, and K.D. Thelen. 2014. Maximizing land use during switchgrass establishment in the North Central United States. Agron. J. 106: 596-604

Sanford, G.R., and C.J. Kucharik. 2013. Effect of methodological consideration on soil carbon parameter estimates obtained via the acid hydrolysis-incubation method. Soil Biol. Biochem. 67: 295-305

Sanford, G.R., J.L. Posner, C.J. Kucharik, R.D. Jackson, J.L. Hedtcke and T. Lin. 2012. Soil carbon lost from Mollisols of the North Central U.S.A. with 20 years of agricultural best management practices. Agric. Ecosys. Env. 162: 68-76.

Liang, C., G.R. Sanford, R.D. Jackson and T.C. Balser. 2011. Potential legacy effects of biofuel cropping systems on soil microbial communities in southern Wisconsin, USA. J. Agric. Sci. 2: 131-137.

Sanford, G.R., A.R. Cook, J.L. Posner, J.L. Hedtcke, J.A. Hall, and J.O. Baldock. 2009. Linking Wisconsin dairy and grain farms via manure transfer for corn production. Agron. J. 101:167-174.

Sanford, G.R., J.L. Posner, and G.L. Hadley. 2009. Economics of hauling dairy slurry and its value in Wisconsin corn grain systems. Ag. Food. Env. Sci. 3: 1-10.

Sanford, G.R., J.L. Posner, R.T. Schuler, and J.O. Baldock. 2008. Effect of dairy slurry on soil compaction and corn (Zea mays L.) yield in southern Wisconsin. J. Soil Till. Res.  100:42-53.

Manuscripts submitted

Skevas, T., S. Swinton, S. Tanner, G.R. Sanford, and K. Thelen. Submitted. Investment risk in bioenergy crops. GCB Bioenergy.

Hossard, L., D.W. Archer, M. Bertrand, C. Colnenne-David, P. Debaeke, M. Ernfors, M.H. Jeuffroy, N. Munier-Jolain, C. Nilsson, G. Richard, G.R. Sanford, S.S. Snapp, E.S. Jensen, and D. Makowski. Submitted. Comparing yields and agricultural practices of low-input, organic and conventional systems for soft wheat and maize in temperate field experiments. Agron. J.

Manuscripts in preparation

Sanford, G.R., and C.J. Kucharik. In prep. Soil carbon dynamics along an agroecosystem land-cover gradient on Mollisols of southern Wisconsin. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.

Book chapters

Sanford, G.R. 2014. Perennial grasslands are essential for long term SOC storage in the Mollisols of the North Central USA. In. Soil Carbon. Hartemink, A.E and K. McSweeney Eds. Springer. pp. 281-288

Presentations and Lectures

  • Bethel Lutheran Church – Mens Fellowship “Productivity of alternative biomass crops”
  • 2014 Wisconsin Soil Summit – River Country RC&D “Grasslands, Grazing, and Soil Qaulity”
  • UW Extension Bioeconomy and Bioenergy Team Meetings “Productivity of alternative biomass crops”
  • PLATO Frontiers in Life Sciences “Productivity of alternative biomass crops”
  • GLBRC Plenary Session – All Science Retreat “Yields of alternative biomass crops”
  • Central Wisconsin Agriculture Specialization – Dairy Series, Elroy & Junction City, WI “Pasturing Heifers on the Wisconsin Integrated Cropping Systems Trial”
  • University of Wisconsin – Madison, WI Agronomy 100 guest lecturer: “Organic Crop Production”
  • Columbia County Audubon Society Meeting, Arlington, WI “GLBRC biofuel crop research: Arlington and beyond”
  • Wisconsin Public Radio – the Larry Meiller Show “Sustainable Biofuel Research in Wisconsin”
  • Roeslein & Associates, Inc., Red Bud, IL “Cellulosic energy research grounded in sustainability principles”
  • Professional Nutrient Applicators Association of Wisconsin Annual Meeting, Wisconsin Dells, WI “Linking Cash Grain and Dairy Farms via Manure Transfers: economic considerations for grain enterprise profitability”
  • Dane County Crop Production Club Meeting, Arlington, WI “Dairy slurry in corn based systems: Impacts on soil compaction”
  • UW Agronomy/Soils Field Day “Managing Organic Cropping Systems for Carbon”
  • UW Organic Agriculture Field Day “The Wisconsin Integrated Cropping System Trial: Productivity, Profitability, and Ecosystem Services”
  • UW Agronomy/Soils Field Day “Perennial forages and carbon storage in Wisconsin’s prairie soils”
  • UW Organic Agriculture Field Day “Organic and conventional production at WICST: Time trends”
  • UW Cover Crops Field Day “Berseem clover & oats vs. medium red clover following winter wheat”
  • Switchgrass II Conference, Madison, WI “Effect of double crop and dual-use management on biomass production and theoretical ethanol yields of switchgrass in the North Central U.S.A.”
  • Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center: DOE year 5 review, Madison, WI “Productivity of biomass cropping systems in the upper Midwest: 2008-2010 yield trends from Wisconsin and Michigan”
  • UW-Madison, Agronomy Field Day, Madison,WI “Switchgrass production in the Upper Midwest: yields during the establishment phase”
  • Agronomy Society of America Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX “Establishment-phase productivity of biomass cropping systems in the upper Midwest”
  • Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center: Annual Sustainability Meeting, South Bend, In* “Crop yield vs. ANPP of select biofuel cropping systems: a comparison of peak standing crop and harvestable biomass”
  • Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center: Bioenergy Institute, Madison, WI “Sustainability Research at the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center”
  • Agronomy Society of America Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, IN “Manure spreading and its effects on soil compaction and corn yield in southern Wisconsin”
  • Wisconsin Fertilizer, Ag-lime, and Pest Management Conference, Madison, WI “Manure spreading and its effects on soil compaction and crop yield”
  • UW-Madison, Agronomy Field Day, Arlington, WI “Manure spreading and its effects on soil compaction”

Professional Positions and Responsibilities

Research Scientist

Responsible for the management of a 40 acre intensive biofuel cropping systems trial located at the UW agricultural research station in Arlington, WI. Additional responsibilities include management of a field lab and feedstock supply facility to support multi-disciplinary bioenergy research at the GLBRC. Responsibilities include prioritizing and developing work plans for student and LTE labor, collecting, vetting, and selecting bids for remodeling work, overseeing remodeling efforts, managing the annual budget for agronomic components of the trial as well as for the field lab, maintaining lab and field equipment, and making and implementing agronomic decisions related to planting, pest management, and harvest. Design and implementation of 3 new bioenergy cropping systems trials located on marginal lands from Rhinelander to Lancaster WI. Development of independent research related to the sustainable production of dedicated bioenergy crops with an emphasis on soil quality metrics such as carbon pools and dynamics. Maintenance and publication of data from the Wisconsin Integrated Cropping Systems Trial.


Grain Crops – The University of Wisconsin – Madison, WI

This course covers corn, soybeans, and small grains covering topics of current production recommendations related to hybrid and variety selection, seedbed preparation, pest control, fertility management, harvest, storage, marketing, and crop ecology. Responsible for curriculum development, instruction, and evaluation of 60+ students enrolled in the spring semester of the UW’s 125 year old short course program.

Honors, Grants and Fellowships

  • UW-GLBRC Critical Compensation Fund award 2013
  • Outstanding Staff Award – Department of Agronomy, UW- Madison 2011
  • Dwayne A. Rohweder Forage Extension Fellowship – Department of Agronomy, UW-Madison 2007